Treatment of equine allergies requires a multimodal approach, including environmental control, topical and systemic therapy, and allergen specific immunotherapy, according to a recent paper. Here are some highlights:
- Antihistamines and tricyclic antidepressants (TCA) provide a non-steroidal alternative for long-term control of allergic reactions in horses. Among the antihistamines being prescribed to horses is Cetirizine.
- Pentoxifylline (PTX), potentiates the effectiveness of many mediations, including steroids prescribed to combat allergies. PTX also delivers three major therapeutic benefits: 1) it improves wound healing and connective tissue disorders; 2) it improves blood flow; 3) it is an immunomodulator.
- Corticosteroids are a standard therapy for equine allergies. Among them are Prednisolone, which is available as tablets or as a compounded syrup or powder.
- Methylsulfonylmethane may be used in conjunction with other anti-inflammatory therapies for its antioxidant properties.
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